Eilat is the hub of Red Sea diving in Israel and offers some of the best Red Sea diving sites. Sites can be accessed via shore or boat.
The best diving in this area is within and around the Coral Beach area. The free access area of this region has lovely hard coral reefs, a missile boat, and a patrol boat. While these sites are lovely, the best sites lie within the Coral Beach Nature Reserve itself. To be allowed to dive this area you need to pay a fee, and this controls numbers. This policy works, you can see the protection this affords by the quality of the reef. The area is tightly regulated too, and those who have yet to master buoyancy are not allowed access. The sites are superbly healthy, colorful and teeming with life. Japanese Gardens and Moses Rock are not to be missed. A little further south and still part of the reserve but not requiring a fee, there are many more sites to explore.
The Rosh HaNikra Caverns are soft white chalk and have been created by perpetual wave action. The beguiling contrast of the white grottos and the aqua water are what you go to see. In Caesarea, there’s an underwater archeological trail which maps out the ancient harbor which dates back to the Herodian period. Gold coins have been discovered in the region, and this is an area littered with ancient artifacts.